Like in any unfamiliar place, it’s a good idea to prepare yourself before driving in Russia. Here we round up some of the top information you should know before getting behind the wheel of your car rental, like speed limits and rules of the road. That way you’ll be prepared for whatever may happen.
Rules & Regulations
Here are some rules and regulations that you need to know of before you start your drive in Russia.
- When driving in Russia remember that you have to drive on the right-hand side of the road.
- Wearing of seat belts is required for front and rear seat occupants.
- It is illegal for children under the age of 12 to travel in the front seat unless using a restraint system appropriate to size.
- An International Driving Permit (IDP) is required for the holder of a foreign driver’s license and you must be at least 17 years of age or older to drive in Russia.
- Russia has a zero-tolerance policy for drinking and driving. If a driver is caught, their driver’s license can be suspended for 2 years.
- Dipped headlights must be used during the day.
- Third-party insurance is required, while fully comprehensive insurance is recommended. Additional insurance can be purchased at the border. Should a motorist wish to travel to Russia and use a green card, they must ensure the code RUS is included in the document.
- Speaking on a mobile phone while driving (without a hands-free device) is a serious offense.
- It is illegal to drive a dirty car, especially with mud on the license plates. Fines for this range from R.800 to R.2,000. Crossing a solid double white line is forbidden.
- Turning right at a red light is not allowed when there is no special green arrow traffic light.
- Please make sure that you are aware of all the road regulations before you start driving in Russia.
The standard speed limits when driving in Russia are listed below. Note that drivers who have held a driver’s license for less than 2 years cannot exceed 70 kilometers per hour (43 mph).
|Within city limits||60 km/h (37 mph)|
|Outside city limits||90 km/h (55 mph)|
|Expressways||110 km/h (68 mph)|
|Certain residential zones||20 km/h (13 mph)|
Things to Bring Along
Drivers in Russia must carry at all times the originals of all the documents below, as traffic police can stop a car at any time for a check:
- Passport including a valid visa
- Migration card
- Valid driver’s license
- Insurance policy
- Car registration paper
- Certificate of annual technical inspection
It is also mandatory to carry the following items:
- First-aid kit (it is advisable to include latex gloves and a sterile syringe)
- Fire extinguisher
- Emergency triangle for the roadway
- A neon reflective vest
Because Russia is such a big country it is advisable to use a car rental when traveling around. SIXT rent a car has 12 branches across the country including St Petersburg and Moscow to make your trip in Russia more convenient.
If you are flying to Moscow you’ll be pleased to know that we have locations at all the main airports so that you can fly and drive. Once you are in Moscow you can visit the Red Square and from there you will find lots of famous buildings including, the Kremlin, the Lenin Mausoleum, Saint Basel Cathedral, State Historical Museum, and The Iberian Gate. There are lots of magnificent towns all around Moscow and you will be able to reach them all easily in your car rental.
If you decide to travel to St. Petersburg make sure you check out the Hermitage Museum, one of the most prestigious art museums in the world. Also on offer is the Female Monastery, The Yusupov Palace and many more attractions well worth seeing.